HPAC Transport Canada Liasion Committee
ACVL Liaison Transport Canada

HPAC Transport Canada Liaison Committee
Andre Nadeau Email: andre.nadeau@home.com
2104 Boake St Orleans Ont K4A 3G2

The purpose of this page is to keep the stakeholders up to date with the activities of the HPAC Transport Canada Liaison. These activities currently include:

Amendments to the CARs.
The Technical Committee for the General Operating and Flight Rules sat on 27 June to review a number of amendments proposed for hang gliding. All the proposed amendments were accepted, some with further modifications that I sought on behalf of the HPAC. The overall result is that the regulations are now clearer as some inconsistencies were corrected, and they are fewer of them.

Familiarization of TC staff with hang gliding and paragliding.
The aim is to familiarize the staff at Transport Canada with the sports of hang gliding and paragliding. Vincene and Chris Muller hosted the TC regional representatives in April and have produced a report. The Ottawa Hang Gliding and Paragliding Club will host the Ottawa TC office staff during the summer of 2000. Poor weather conditions have delayed the session.

HAGAR Examination.
It is difficult for some pilot to write the HAGAR examination because they are not close to a test centre and TC regional representatives are rarely able to travel to the community where pilots are located. The HPAC will request that TC delegates the administration of the tests to the HPAC. The intent is to staff this issue in Y2000 and implement it in Y2001 if conditions are propice. Also, due to imminent changes to the CARs, the HAGAR examination and the HAGAR Study Guide needs to be amended.

Improvement to the HAGAR Study Guide. The HAGAR Study guide will be reviewed every six month by the TC Liaison. Corrections and additions will be incorporated as required. The next review will take place in June 2000. The latest version is Version 1.3 dated 1 April 2000. You can download a copy of the Study Guide in pdf format. You will need Acrobat Reader to view it.
Correspondence from Transport Canada & Gov't Addressed to the HPAC
AERO Towing
Air Space
Transport Canada Aviation Communications Radios Medical Provisions Flight Service Station Changes and Services
Meeting with Transport Canada,
July 7, 1978

re self regulation
Jan '76 Transport Canada Information Circular TC Civil Aeronautics Hang Gliding Seminar
re: Self Regulation
US Immigration and Naruralization Services 1986 prerequisites for Cross Border SC Flights.

Amendments to CARs.
Regulations for hang gliders are currently combined with regulations for ultralight aircraft in CAR 602.29. Because these are two different types of aircraft, regulations for hang gliders now will have their own sections when the CARs are amended. In fact, there will be two sections that pertains specifically to hang gliders. The first one is CAR 603.77 and that section will specify the general hang gliding operation rules. The second one is CAR 605.114 and that section will specify equipment requirements for hang gliders. Those two sections should be read together.

The major amendments are specified below. In addition to those, there is one other amendment that should be of interest to Canadian pilots. There is no need to inform a FSS for flights conducted in Class E airspace. The requirements havve been amended to specify controlled airspace other than Class E.

The following is the status of amendments submitted to the CARAC:

Amendment Substantiation Status

Definition of Hang Glider.
The CARs currently defines a hang glider as "a glider that is designed to carry no more than two persons and has a launch weight of 45 kg (99.2 lbs) or less". ) The HPAC proposes that the current definition of hang gliders be amended as follows:"a glider that is designed to carry no more than two persons and is capable of being carried, foot-launched and landed solely by the energy and use of the pilot's legs"

The sport of hang gliding has evolved considerably in the past few years and a number of new rigid-wing hang gliders with control surfaces (FAI Class 2) have reached the marketplace.Some of these rigid wing hang gliders such as the Flight Design Exxtacy, the Brigh Star Millenium and the Aeriane Swift weigh more than the 99.2 lbs limitation of the CARs.Yet, these hang gliders are safe because they have lower stall speed due to the availability of flaps and therefore require a slower run from the launching pilot before becoming airborne.There are now many hundreds such FAI Class 2 hang gliders in the world and a few in Canada.Their increased popularity due to their increased performance means that the number of such hang gliders will continue to increase.The major impediment to the proliferation of these machines is their high acquisition price.However, the introduction of newer models means that there is now a market for affordable rigid wing hang gliders that are within reach of a majority of pilots and the HPAC expects that the number in Canada will grow significantly in the future.

A second reason for the amendment is to align the Canadian definition of hang glider with the FAI definition.The FAI definition is: "a single place, non-powered aircraft which can be safely launched entirely by the use of the pilot's leg, and safely landed without the use of any landing gear other than the pilot's legs.During such launch and landing, the weigh of the glider must be able to be supported entirely by the pilot and those aerodynamic forces resulting from the motion of the glider through the air".The new HPAC-proposed definition basically adopts the FAI definition while retaining the two-person limit for dual instruction.Note that the FAI definition is now the basis for the definition of hang glider throughout the majority of countries that are members of the FAI.

Submitted by the HPAC.

Not tabled by the CARAC at this time.

Definition of Paraglider.
The CARs currently does not have a definition for paraglider. The HPAC proposes the following definition:“A paraglider is a hang glider with no rigid structure”.

Currently, there is no definition for paraglider in the CARs. In theory, paragliders are not subject to any of the CARs.

Classifying a paraglider as a hang glider makes it unnecessary to amend the CARs since hang glider automatically implies paraglider and paraglider do not have to be specified by name in the individual CAR.

This definition is similar to the FAI definition of paraglider which is “A paraglider is a hang glider with no rigid wing”.The HPAC proposes the term “no rigid structure” because the term rigid wing is increasingly used to represent Class 2 hang gliders such as the ATOS, Exxtasy and Millenium and the term “rigid wing” could lead to misunderstanding.

Submitted by the HPAC.

Not tabled by the CARAC at this time.

Use of Ultralight to tow hang gliders for recreation.
NPA 98-154 introduced the opportunity for a person to operate a flight training unit using ultralight aircraft to tow hang gliders for the purpose of providing hang gliding flight instruction.The HPAC requests that this NPA be expanded to permit flight training units to use ultralight aircraft to tow hang gliders for recreational flying as well.

Existing flight training units that use ultralight aircraft for towing hang glider aloft for the purpose of instruction, have been formed in areas where there are few or no viable alternatives to get a hang glider airborne. It follows that newly trained hang glider pilots in these areas have nowhere handy to go to partake in their sport except for getting towed aloft by the same ultralight aircraft that were used during their instruction.

Use of ultralights to tow hang gliders has been approved by the Technical Committee for General Operations and Flight Rules.

In the new CARs 603.78 and 603.79, it is stated that Ultralight can be used to tow hang gliders for training or recreational flight.In the new CAR 603.77, it is stated that a flight training service may use ultralight to tow hang gliders for the purpose of providing hang glider flight instruction provided the person notifies the Minister in writing... Although this section of the CARs does not specify recreational flying, there is no need to mention recreational flying in this section because it specifies the requirement to complete paperwork if somebody want to use ultralight to tow hang gliders for training. No such paperwork is required for recreational flying.

Approved by the Technical Committee for General Operations and Flight Rules.Will be published in the Gazette in the Fall.

Use of a GPS in lieu of a compass.
The CARs specify that a hang glider flying in Class E must carry a compass.

The HPAC proposes that a GPS could be used in lieu of a compass.

GPS can now be used in lieu of a compass.

Note that the regulation to carry a compass (or GPS) has been eased. CAR 605.114 specifies that a compass (or GPS) must be carried in Class E for XC flights and at all times in Class B, C and D. The original regulation specified that a compass needed to be carried in all flights in Class E airspace.

Approved by the Technical Committee for General Operations and Flight Rules.Will be published in the Gazette in the Fall.

CARs for flights in other Airspace
other than Class E
The CARs specifies that hang gliders flying in Class E must meet certain conditions i.e. carry a compass, etc. Although hang gliders can fly in other airspaces that are more rigidly regulated i.e. Class C, there are no similar conditions specified in the CARs for flying a hang glider in those airspaces.

This is a runabout way to show this however, the new CAR 605.114 specifies the equipment that hang gliders must carry in different controlled airspace including B, C, D and E. Therefore, it ensues that hang gliders can fly in those airspaces (subject to other regulations).

Approved by the Technical Committee for General Operations and Flight Rules.Will be published in the Gazette in the Fall.

Flying in Class E (and other airspaces) for purpose other than XC flights).
Currently, hang gliders are only allowed in Class E airspace if they conduct XC flights. The HPAC will propose that this restriction be lifted.

The amendment also asks that pilot that do not fly cross-country in Class E airspace do not have to contact a FSS beforehand. Also, the amendment request that pilots who do call the FSS do not have to give an estimate of the duration of their flight.

The change has been approved. The old regulations specifying that flights in Class E needed to be cross-country flights has been deleted in the new CAR 603.77. There are no article that specify anything for Class B, C and D airspace so flights in those airspace do not have to be cross-country also.

Approved by the Technical Committee for General Operations and Flight Rules. Will be published in the Gazette in the Fall.

Definition of Flight Training Unit.Presently, a "person" cannot conduct flight training for a glider (including hang glider and paraglider) unless they are a club, school or other oganization. The proposed amendment will add a person to that list.

The CARs will be amended to specify that a person can conduct flight training.

Approved by the Technical Committee for General Operations and Flight Rules.

Will be published in the Gazette in the Fall.

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Vincene Muller Report on TC Visit to Cochrane

On April 4, 2000, Muller Hang Gliding & Paragliding hosted a ‘ Field Trip” of Recreation Aviation Inspectors. The Inspectors were participating in a workshop in Canmore, Alberta and we had been asked if they could spend an afternoon learning more about our sport. The group of 23, led byChief, Arlo Speer spent three hours at our shop.

Chris Muller laid out a paraglider and gave a brief lecture on structure, testing and differences between models.They were able to feel the fabric and lines and see the differences between regular lines and competition lines.He showed them harnesses with various protections including airbags. Chris then showed them the differences between kingposted hang gliders & topless gliders.Using photographs he showed them the evolution of hang gliding from the standards to today’s gliders. He deployed a reserve from a hang gliding harness and a drogue chute. They looked at instruments, reserves & GPS. Chris showed them teaching tools for hang gliding & paragliding.

John Janssen then went through a typical hang gliding introductory lesson, followed by an intermediate lesson. John went through the pilot rating system with emphasis on the HAGAR. John then went through the Instructors Criteria, structure and material covered in a HPAC Instructors Course. Lenora Crane, Aviation Licensing Inspector from Calgary who has participated in the last three Instructors Courses run in Alberta said that she found participants were much more knowledgeable in some areas than those in general aviation.She specified weather in particular.

The weather unfortunately did not cooperate, so there were no flight demonstrations [winds were gusting up to the mid-40’s]. A selection of videos completed the session.

A list of HPAC Executive & Committee members was given to each Inspector.Some schools were also on the list.

Should anybody be contacted by an Aviation Licensing Inspector you will find that they probably just need to expand their knowledge of our sport.

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